USCG Ballast Water Management Regulation in the USA
For many years, the United States has been affected by invasive species. That is why the U.S. Coast Guard now prohibits ships to discharge untreated ballast water in U.S. waters.
Linked to the National Invasive Species Act of 1996, in 2004 the US Coast Guard (USCG) established in 2004 the rules for controlling the discharge of Living Organisms from ships’ Ballast Water in US waters, through publication of 33 CFR Part 151 and 46 CFR Part 162.
The Rule is effective on June 21, 2012, and can be downloaded from the Federal Register website: http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-03-23/pdf/2012-6579.pdf.
The final Rule prohibits all vessels with ballast tanks to discharge untreated Ballast Water into US waters.
As in the IMO BMW Convention, there is an implementation schedule depending on the BW capacity and construction date of the vessel.
|Year of construction||Ballast Water Capacity||Compliance Date|
|New Vessels||On or after 1st December 2013||All||On delivery|
|Existing Vessels||Before 1st December 2013||< 1500 m3||
First scheduled drydocking after 1st January 2016
|1500 - 5000 m3||First scheduled drydocking after 1st January 2014|
|> 5000 m3||First scheduled drydocking after 1st January 2016|